Professor of Law, Brooklyn Law School, USA
I am going to speak generally about three components of state public finance: first, tax revenue; second, government expenditures; and third, the allocation of the tax burden. I will illustrate how tax expenditures, such as sales-tax exemptions and other preferential laws, affect each component of public finance.
In all of ...
Table of Contents
Cheer One: Technical Legitimacy
Cheer Two: Horizontal Equity
Cheer Three: Fairness
Alternative Revenue-Generating Solution
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner recently suggested that some sort of entity-level tax should be imposed on subchapter S corporations and tax partnerships. Others expressed support for that proposal at a House Ways and Means Committee hearing held on ...
Co-author: Todd D. Keator[*]
TABLE OF CONTENTS
II.DEVIATIONS FROM THE REVENUE PROCEDURE
5.Sponsor Bridge Loans
2.Non-Pro Rata Debt
III.REVERSE EXCHANGES INVOLVING TIC INTERESTs
Tenancy-in-common (“TIC”) investments offer investors the ability to own small pieces of high-grade properties that do not require active management by the investors. ...
Economies of scale exist if long-run average costs decline as output rises. All else being equal, the decline in average costs should lead to greater profitability, making economies of scale attractive to businesses. Nobel laureate George Stigler recognized that economies of scale should help determine the optimum size of a ...
“When an entity must be classified for purposes of a Federal income tax statute, policy considerations of Federal income tax law should govern that classification . . . .” Thus spoke the Tax Court, honoring federal income tax policy with its pen, but remaining far from it in application. ...
The following Table of Legal Authority Addressing the Federal Definition of Tax Partnership presents a summary of numerous statutes, cases, regulations, and rulings (the legal authority) that address the federal definition of tax partnership. The Table is a work-in-progress. Nonetheless, it may serve a useful purpose in its current ...